ABOUT PURE WASHED ARABICA COFFEE.
Arabica is one of two species of coffee plants that are in wide cultivation globally. (The other is C. canephora, commonly called Robusta.) Arabica is by far the dominant species in Central America, and is considered to produce the highest cup quality. The Arabica species is made up of many varieties or cultivars —distinct types that are able to sexually reproduce with one another.
Unlike other types, the pure washed Arabica is considered a distinct Arabica variety for inclusion, the variety meets the following standards (based on the definition of a variety as given by the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV)):
The variety is homogenous. It can be precisely described by a set of characteristics and all the plants of this type look the same.
The variety is different. It is distinguishable from other varieties based on the above set of characteristics.
The variety is stable. The variety can be reproduced in such a manner that its characteristics are unchanged in the next generation.
The variety is grown only in the regions of Bugisu on the slopes of Mountain Elgon.
Most commonly known varieties don’t meet all the above criteria. However. For example, Catimor and Sarchimor are not distinct varieties according to this definition. These coffees included do not meet the above definition because they are neither uniform nor stable from one generation to the next. they are commonly known to farmers and grown widely in the region, but it’s important to know they lack uniformity and stability and therefore do not meet the definition of variety laid out here.